In 2004, the Columbia University Clinic for Anxiety and Related Disorders (CUCARD) was founded by Anne Marie Albano, PhD, upon her joining the faculty of the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Dr. Albano subscribes to a model of integrating clinical service with research and training, and in the past she oversaw the development of similar university-based clinics in Albany, NY, Louisville, KY, and downtown in Manhattan.
With the support of then Chair of Child Psychiatry, Dr. David Shaffer, and his director of administration, Janelle Greenhill, and with the full support of the acting Chairman of Psychiatry, Dr. Fred Kass, CUCARD's staff of four psychologists began evaluating and treating patients with evidence-based cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT) for anxiety disorders. Psychologist Teresa Piacentini and postdoctoral fellows Sandra Pimentel and Muniya Khanna, set up the initial organizational plan and treatment programs with Dr. Albano. We initially met our patients at the Columbia Doctor's site on the upper east side of Manhattan, and then moved into space at the Newsweek Building, now refurbished as "3 Columbus Circle" on the west side.
Moira Rynn, MD, joined the clinic as Medical Director in 2006, as we continued to grow and expand our services. Dr. Rynn now also serves as the Chair of the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Drs. Albano, Rynn, and the CUCARD team are committed to translating the latest in scientific findings about what works best for patients with anxiety and related disorders, and providing our patients with care that gives the best chance of recovery. Dr. Albano served as a lead investigator in two of the largest federally funded research studies focusing on treatments for youth. The Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS) and the Treatments for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS) were funded by the National Institutes of Mental Health. Both clinical trials examined the benefits of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), medication, and their combination in treating these disorders in children and adolescents. Dr. Rynn served as a co-investigator on the CAMS study and also now currently serves as a lead investigator on studies examining the benefits of medication treatments for youth with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder, to name a few.
As part of our combined mission in 2008, CUCARD postdoctoral fellows Jon Comer and Anthony Puliafico began developing and evaluating a new treatment approach called "CALM: Coaching Approach Behavior and Leading through Modeling". Steeped in the effective "Parent-Child Interaction Therapy", Drs. Comer, Puliafico and Albano developed CALM for families with very young children, ages 3 to 8, who suffer with anxiety. Using a "bug in the ear" approach whereby the therapist is behind a one-way mirror, parents are "coached" to shape their child's courage in the face of situations that cause distress, from separation anxiety to sitting in the dark, to meeting unfamiliar but safe adults…and to overcome this anxiety. We continue to offer the CALM program at CUCARD and are excited by the benefits of this program and the positive response of our families.
In 2012, CUCARD welcomed Dr. Samantha Morrison to our team. Dr. Morrison is a clinical and school psychologist with expertise in treating the range of anxiety disorders, including hoarding disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. Dr. Morrison also has extensive experience in the treatment of school refusal behavior, a serious condition associated with anxiety and mood disturbance. Dr. Morrison joined us to develop our school refusal program, an intensive treatment course based on the approach advocated by Dr. Christopher Kearney and Dr. Albano.
Throughout CUCARD's history, Dr. Albano and the team have focused on physical and emotional development as a key to understanding and helping an individual to overcome anxiety. That is, we focus on not just treating anxiety but also on assisting youth, including young adults, in meeting the tasks of development and overcoming unhealthy dependencies on others, in many cases their concerned parents, that may occur due to anxiety. With the generous support of our donors, Dr. Albano and her team developed "LEAP: Launching Emerging Adults Program" at CUCARD. Aimed at adolescents and young adults, LEAP is an exposure-based treatment that also addresses the parent-adolescent/young adult relationship, and assists parents in letting go while their son or daughter takes on the challenges of mastering anxiety and growing into a healthy independence.
In 2013, the LEAP model became the cornerstone psychological treatment of the New York Presbyterian Hospital's Youth Anxiety Center (YAC), a new, landmark collaborative program that focuses on the unique needs of young adults with anxiety and related disorders. We continue to develop and refine LEAP via the generosity of our donors.
In celebrating our 13 years at CUCARD, we are reflecting back on the many patients and families who have visited the clinic for services. We are always celebrating the courage and commitment of our patients, from the very young to those well into adulthood, who return for session after session, whether in individual, family, or group therapy, to take on the challenges presented by their anxieties while they gain much relief and increased confidence and happiness. These are our heroes!
Over these years, CUCARD's staff have trained postdoctoral fellows and externs in psychology and medical students in psychiatry, and hosted a cadre of volunteers who are going onto graduate or medical school. Many of our fellows have stayed with CUCARD and moved into faculty positions and leadership roles in the field.
We look forward to expanding our services and working with many, many more families and individuals from the tri-state area. Anxiety is highly treatable and we are here to help!